Hommel Beer Factory
BIA HOI CULTURE'S ORIGIN: FROM A COLONICAL DRINKING TO A CULTURE OF URBAN DWELLERS
Before the French colonization, Vietnam had a long history of rice alcohol production. The beer industry was created in 1892 by Alfred Hommel, founder of Hommel Brewery (Brasserie Hommel) in Hanoi. Along with the Larue Brewery (Brasserie Larue) in Saigon, the Hommel Brewery was one of the two biggest breweries in Indochina.
Beer was the drink that seemed most suitable in the Indochina climate. At first, beer was mainly consumed by the French, then it became more and more popular with local Vietnamese people.
Besides water, the ingredients used by the Hommel Brewery were malted barley and hops imported from Europe and a proportion of rice (preferably denitrogenated). The difficulty was not in the purchase of ingredients of first quality, but in purifying water used, acquiring expensive brewing equipment, and adapting it to the hot and humid climate of Hanoi. Another challenge for the production of bottled beer was transportation. The brewery came up with the idea of producing a draft beer called bia hoi sold in kegs instead of bottles. Over time, bia hoi became a staple of Vietnamese culture and it remains so to this day.
Name: Brasserie Hommel / Société de la Brasserie Hommel / Société des Brasseries et Glacières de l'Indochine / Hanoi Brewery / Hanoi Brewery Company / Hanoi Beer-Alcohol-Beverage Corporation (Habeco)
Location: 183 Hoang Hoa Tham, Ha Noi
Architectural and Urban preliminary assessment
Perspective / Thematic / Narrative point of view
[Cao - Xà - Lá: The condensed ambitions of a new socialist nation]
Sao Vang Rubber Factory
Rubber is a transliteration of the word CAAOCHU with CAA being the tree O - CHU is the name of a latex tree of the South American Indians. In the 19th century, after the invention of the sulfur vulcanization method and the successful manufacture of pneumatic tires, rubber was widely used and the rubber industry really developed. Before 1954, there is only a tire repair workshop that belongs to the French at 5 LeThanh Tong street (Boulevard Bobillot). Because of the importance of the rubber industry for daily life, national economy and security, the government decides to build the Sao Vang rubber factory right after the liberation of the North.
Without a rubber factory, we could say that Northern Vietnam’s then newly independent people and the economy would have stopped “shifting”.